Timeline

1985 Sep 12  Groundblessing, W.M. Keck Observatory - summit of Mauna Kea, Hawaii

1988 May 25  Groundblessing, W.M. Keck Observatory headquarters - Kamuela, Hawaii

1990 Nov 24  First light, Keck 1 Telescope - 9 segments installed

1991 Nov 07  Dedication of Keck 1 Telescope and Keck 2 groundblessing

1992 Apr 14  First light, Keck 1 Telescope - 36 segments installed

1993 Mar 16  First light, NIRC instrument

1993 May 21  First light, LRIS instrument

1993 July 16  First light, HIRES instrument

1996 Jan 23  First light, Keck 2 Telescope - 24 segments installed

1996 May 08  Dedication of Keck 2 Telescope

1996 Sep 30  Gerald Smith retires as W.M. Keck Observatory Project Manager

1996 Oct 01  Dr. Frederic H. Chaffee assumes position as first Observatory Director

1998 Oct 31  First light, LWS instrument - decommissioned in 2005

1999 Feb 05  First light - Adaptive optics instrument on Keck 2 telescope

1999 Apr 25  First light, NIRSPEC instrument

1999 Aug 29  First light, ESI instrument

2000 Dec 13  First light - Adaptive optics instrument on Keck 1 telescope

2001 Jan 12  Corrected Keck 2 wavefront reaches the basement - Interferometer

2001 Mar 13  First fringes with the Keck telescopes - Interferometer

2001 Jul 29  First light, NIRC2 instrument

2001 Dec 23  First laser guide star over Mauna Kea created with the Keck 2 sodium laser

2002 Jun 03  First light DEIMOS instrument (DEep Imaging Multi-Object Spectrograph)

2003 Sep 09  First light for the AO LGS system (Adaptive Optics Laser Guide Star)

2005 Feb 22  First light OSIRIS instrument (OH-Suppressing Infra-Red Imaging Spectrograph)

2006 Jun 30  Dr. Frederic H. Chaffee retires as Observatory Director

2006 Jul 01  Dr. Taft Armandroff begins appointment as Observatory Director

2006 Oct 06 First light - NGWFC (Next Generation Wavefront Controller) - K1

2006 Dec 13 First Science - NIRSPAO-LGS

2007 Jan 27 First light - Cassegrain ADC for LRIS

2007 Feb 27 First light - NGWFC - K2

2009 Aug 28 First light - ASTRA dual field subsystem

2010 Jan 28 First sky propagation K1 LGS-AO

2011 Jan 21 First dual-field phase referencing - ASTRA

2011 Dec   Jerry Nelson named 2012 Benjamin Franklin Medal awardee in Electrical Engineering. The Franklin Institute honored Dr. Nelson “for his pioneering contributions to the development of segmented-mirror telescopes.”

2012 Apr 04 First light - MOSFIRE (Multi-Object Spectrometer For Infra-Red Exploration)

 

W. M. Keck Observatory Library & Archives